A-Z collection of links and research reports for more in depth information on the climate change and its links to construction and the built environment.

Last updated 9.1.2021

Carbon Budget

Rogelj, J. et al. in Global Warming of 1.5 °C: An IPCC Special Report on the Impacts of Global Warming of 1.5 °C Above Pre-Industrial Levels and Related Global Greenhouse Gas Emission Pathways, in the Context of Strengthening the Global Response to the Threat of Climate Change, Sustainable Development, and Efforts to Eradicate Poverty (eds Flato, G., Fuglestvedt, J., Mrabet, R. & Schaeffer, R.) 93–174 (IPCC/WMO, 2018).

Rogelj, Joeri, Piers M. Forster, Elmar Kriegler, Christopher J. Smith, and Roland Séférian. 2019. “Estimating and Tracking the Remaining Carbon Budget for Stringent Climate Targets.” Nature 571 (7765): 335–42.

Climate Change Overview

Nordhaus, William D. 2013. The Climate Casino: Risk, Uncertainty, and Economics for a Warming World. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling. Yale University Press.

Embodied Energy

Röck, Martin, Marcella Ruschi, Mendes Saade, Maria Balouktsi, Freja Nygaard, Harpa Birgisdottir, Rolf Frischknecht, Guillaume Habert, and Thomas Lützkendorf. 2020. “Embodied GHG Emissions of Buildings – The Hidden Challenge for e Ff Ective Climate Change Mitigation ☆.” Applied Energy 258 (June 2019): 114107.

Simonen, Kathrina, Barbara X. Rodriguez, and Catherine De Wolf. 2017. “Benchmarking the Embodied Carbon of Buildings.” Technology Architecture and Design 1 (2): 208–18.

Global United Nations and International Energy Agency Reports

Ürge-Vorsatz, Diana, Ksenia Petrichenko, Miklos Antal, Maja Staniec, Michael Labelle, Eren Ozden, and Elena Labzina. 2012. Best Practice Policies for Low Energy and Carbon Buildings: A Scenario Analysis. Technical Report copy_0.pdf

Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction. 2019. “2019 Global Status Report for Buildings and Construction: Towards a Zero-Emission, Efficient and Resilient Buildings and Construction Sector.” International Energy Agency and the United Nations Environment Programme. (accessed 10.5.2021)

Wörsdörfer, Mechthild, Timur Gül, John Dulac, Thibaut Abergel, Chiara Delmastro, Peter Janoska, Kevin Lane, and Andrew Prag. 2019. “Perspectives for the Clean Energy Transition – The Critical Role of Buildings.” Paris. (accessed 10.5.2021)

Online Tools for Building Energy Scenarios

Ürge-Vorsatz, Diana. 2020. “Tool for Building Energy Performance Scenarios.” Global Buildings Performance Network. 2020.

U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Technologies Office. 2021. “Scout” 2021.

Roadmaps to Net Zero

Bouckaert, Stéphanie, Araceli Fernandez Pales, Christophe McGlade, Uwe Remme, and Brent Wanner. 2021. “Net Zero by 2050 – A Roadmap for the Global Energy Sector.”

Coalition for Urban Transitions. 2019. “Climate Emergency, Urban Opportunity: How National Governments Can Secure Economic Prosperity and Avert Climate Catastrophe by Transforming Cities,” 160.

Erickson, Peter, and Kevin Tempest. 2014. “Advancing Climate Ambition: How City-Scale Actions Can Contribute to Global Climate Goals.” Stockholm Environment Institute, Working Paper, no. 2014–06

Mata, A. K. Korpal, S. H. Cheng, J. P. Jiménez Navarro, F. Filippidou, J. Reyna, and R. Wang. 2020. “A Map of Roadmaps for Zero and Low Energy and Carbon Buildings Worldwide.” Environmental Research Letters 15 (11).

Levesque, Antoine, Robert C. Pietzcker, Lavinia Baumstark, and Gunnar Luderer. 2021. “Deep Decarbonisation of Buildings Energy Services through Demand and Supply Transformations in a 1.5°C Scenario.” Environmental Research Letters 16 (5).

Paltsev, Sergey, Andrei Sokolov, Xiang Gao, and Martin Haigh. 2018. “Meeting the Goals of the Paris Agreement: Temperature Implications of the Shell Sky Scenario.”

Wang, Huan, Wenying Chen, and Jingcheng Shi. 2018. “Low Carbon Transition of Global Building Sector under 2- and 1.5-Degree Targets.” Applied Energy 222 (April): 148–57.

Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP)

Bauer, Nico, Katherine Calvin, Johannes Emmerling, Oliver Fricko, Shinichiro Fujimori, Jérôme Hilaire, Jiyong Eom, et al. 2017. “Shared Socio-Economic Pathways of the Energy Sector – Quantifying the Narratives.” Global Environmental Change 42: 316–30.

Fricko, Oliver, Petr Havlik, Joeri Rogelj, Zbigniew Klimont, Mykola Gusti, Nils Johnson, Peter Kolp, et al. 2017. “The Marker Quantification of the Shared Socioeconomic Pathway 2: A Middle-of-the-Road Scenario for the 21st Century.” Global Environmental Change 42: 251–67.

Fujimori, Shinichiro, Tomoko Hasegawa, Toshihiko Masui, Kiyoshi Takahashi, Diego Silva Herran, Hancheng Dai, Yasuaki Hijioka, and Mikiko Kainuma. 2017. “SSP3: AIM Implementation of Shared Socioeconomic Pathways.” Global Environmental Change 42: 268–83.

Kriegler, Elmar, Nico Bauer, Alexander Popp, Florian Humpenöder, Marian Leimbach, Jessica Strefler, Lavinia Baumstark, et al. 2017. “Fossil-Fueled Development (SSP5): An Energy and Resource Intensive Scenario for the 21st Century.” Global Environmental Change 42: 297–315.

Riahi, Keywan, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Elmar Kriegler, Jae Edmonds, Brian C. O’Neill, Shinichiro Fujimori, Nico Bauer, et al. 2017. “The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and Their Energy, Land Use, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Implications: An Overview.” Global Environmental Change 42: 153–68.

Vuuren, Detlef P. van, Elke Stehfest, David E.H.J. Gernaat, Jonathan C. Doelman, Maarten van den Berg, Mathijs Harmsen, Harmen Sytze de Boer, et al. 2017. “Energy, Land-Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trajectories under a Green Growth Paradigm.” Global Environmental Change 42: 237–50.